Even though pollen is the honeybee’s primary source of nutrition, honey is their sole food source during cold weather and other times when alternatives are not available.
- Bee pollen: pollen collected by bees; their primary source of nutrition.
- Royal jelly (bee milk): the pharyngeal gland secretions of the nurse bees. The queen larvae receives more of the royal jelly than the worker larvae, growing her into a queen bee.
- Beeswax: secreted by bees to help build their hives.
- Propolis: a brownish resinous material of waxy consistency collected by bees from the buds of trees and used as a cement and an antiseptic.
Cruelty in the Honey Industry
Common practices in the honey industry are:
To prevent the queen bee from leaving the hive, honey producers sometimes cut off her wings.
Often, queen bees are artificially inseminated.
Large commercial operations sometimes take all the honey instead of leaving enough for the bees to get through the winter. The honey is than replaced with a cheap sugar substitute.
Most beekeepers remove all the spring-season honey.
In colder areas, some bee keepers will burn the beehives, killing all the bees inside, before the winter starts to reduce cost.
Bees are often killed or harmed by haphazard handling.
Bees are hardworking animals who deserve to keep the labor of their work. Stealing products from them is a form of exploitation, which should and can be easily avoided. Honey can be replaced by agave syrup, rice syrup, barley malt, maple syrup, molasses, sorghum or fruit concentrates.
(Source: fighting-for-animals, via stealacarcass)